History in English: It may sound like a storytelling task, but writing and telling the history in English is a bit more technical than it seems because there are so many possible formats, so it is important not to confuse them and differentiate the method. Express history in British English and American languages.
1. Ordinal numbers
Ordinal numbers are used to classify items.
These are the ones that are used for the date, the days of the month are categorized from the first to the twenty-eighth, twenty-ninth, thirty, or thirty-first by month.
Here are the ordinal numbers up to 31:
1st = the first 11th = the eleventh 21st = the twenty-first
2nd = the second 12th = the twelfth 22nd = the twenty-secon
3rd = the third 13th = the thirteenth 23rd = the twenty-third
4th = the fourth 14th = the fourteenth 24th = the twenty-fourth
5th = the fifth 15th = the fifteenth 25th = the twenty- fifth
6th = the sixth 16th = the sixteenth 26th = the twenty-sixth
7th = the seventh 17th = the seventeenth 27th = the twenty-seventh
8th = the eighth 18th = the eighteenth 28th = the twenty-eighth
9th = the ninth 19th = the nineteenth 29th = the twenty- ninth
10th = the tenth 20th = the twentieth 30th = the thirtieth
➤ You will generally notice that it suffices to add -th after the original number to make it an ordinal number.
14 = fourteen
14th = the fourteenTH
Attention to the spelling modification of the fifth and ninth which loses an -e (five ← fifths/nine →ninths ) ✦ for numbers in Y, this becomes -IETH (twenty →twentieth / thirty →thirtieth )
The first, second, and third are irregular → first, second, and third. It is abbreviated using the last two letters: 31, 51, 22, 42, 3, 63 …
2. Express the year
To express the year to 1999, we divide the number into 2:
1984 = 19 – 84 = nineteen eighty-four
1758 = 17 – 58 = seventeen fifty-eight
1538 = 15 – 38 = fifteen thirty-eight
For the years in 00 (1500, 1700, 1800, 1900) we use the term hundred for the last two digits:
1800 = eighteen hundred
1700 = seventeen hundred
➤ For the first nine years of each century, there are two possibilities:
1902 = nineteen hundred and two / nineteen oh two
1605 = sixteen hundred and five / sixteen oh five
➤ From 2001, there are 2 possibilities each time (3 if the difference between US and UK is calculated)
2000 = two thousand
2001 = two thousand and one (UK) / two thousand one (US) / twenty oh one
2014 = two thousand and fourteen (UK) / two thousand fourteen (US) / twenty fourteen
3. Days and months and how to shorten them
As a reminder, days and months are always capitalized in English.
On some documents, statements, and tickets it is common to shorten the date.
➤ Here’s how to write days and months in the shortest possible time.
Monday → Mon.
Tuesday → Tu. / Tue. / Tues.
Wednesday → Wed.
Thursday → Th. / Thu. / Thur. Thurs.
Friday → Fri.
Saturday → Sat.
Sunday → Sun.
January → Jan
February → Feb
March → Mar
April → Apr
May → May
June → Jun / June
July → Jul / July
August → Aug
September → Sep / Sept
October → Oct
November → Nov
December → Dec